段貞夙  老師 (Susan)

 
Think 聞思札記
 

* New!《寄生上流》裡,人類的普世課題
The Universal Issue of Human in “Parasite”
2019.7
* New!《玩具總動員4》的自我定義與覺醒
Self-Definition and Awakening in "Toy Story 4"
2019.7
* 「善待」童年 
Be Kind to Childhood 
2018.10
* 歐蘭朵FB粉絲專頁開張囉! 
Orland FB Fan Page Was Created! 
2018.7
* 但願無有遺憾
Wish There Is No Regret 
2018.7
* 宇宙之愛---能量的共振
The Love of Universe---The Energy Resonance 2018.4
* 南臺灣的一天 
The Day in the Southern Taiwan 
2017.7
* 找出潛意識裡的 Bug
Finding out the Bug in the Sub-consciousness 
2017.7
* 一直拍照、走路、發呆或頑皮的慢遊 
Taking Pictures, Walking, Dazing or Naughty in Tour 
2017.2
* 森林之旅
Forest, I Am Coming! 
2017.2
*  一年了---久違!好久沒放文章  2017.1
* 春天午後河濱 2016.4
* 上<史記>第一堂課後的隨想 2016.3
* 利他之行 2016.2
* 外境是內心的反射 2015.12.30
* 回到自由的靈魂 2015.7.14
* 河的前世今生 2015.7.14
* 靜止中的無限 2015.7.15
* 與大自然共存 2015.7.15
* 生活就像一粒粒葡萄
* 幻覺中的奮力---電影「啟動原始碼」「 全面啟動」
* 印度光影拼圖---電影「貧民百萬富翁」
* 動物書1---<重逢在世界的盡頭>
* 動物書2---<永遠的信天翁>
* 重返大海之謎---「水中蛟龍」展覽
* 藝術界裡的佛洛伊德---安迪沃荷作品展

 
 

New!《玩具總動員4》的自我定義與覺醒
Self-Definition and Awakening in "Toy Story 4"

「你的身上有著某人的名字,代表你是某人的玩具,而玩具的價值就是陪伴主人,帶給主人溫暖。」這樣的價值觀,一直是玩具總動員一至三集的核心思想,胡迪的自我定義,不只形塑了他的「玩具人生」,也教化著鼓舞著身旁的新玩具,例如巴斯光年。如果說「忠誠」是胡迪的最高信仰,也不為過,這樣的中心思想,在第四集受到了意外的撼動。這一切轉折點,是源自於那個之前形象溫婉傳統的牧羊女,寶(Bo Peep)。寶,因為被送去了二手店,多年來在店內一直乏人問津,最後決定逃出二手店,尋找自己的「人生」,正當胡迪為邦妮尋找拯救叉奇,孤軍奮鬥之際,因緣際會地再次見到九年前被送走的寶,此時的寶,已經不是當年那個溫柔嬌弱、需要被保護的牧羊女,而成了機智英勇且有著智慧視野的流浪玩具大姐大。

"There is someone's name on your body, it means you are someone's toy. The value of a toy is to accompany the owner and bring warmth to the owner." Such values have always been the core idea of Toy Story from first episode to third episode. Woody’s self-definition not only shapes his "toy life", but also inspires other new toys, such as Buzz Lightyear. "Loyalty" is almost Woody’s highest belief. Such a main idea is unexpectedly incited in episode 4. All these turning points is be due to the shepherd girl Bo Peep with traditional and tender image. Bo, because she was sent to the second-hand shop, stayed in the store for many years, and finally decided to escape from the second-hand shop, looking for her own "life", just when Woody is searching for Bonnie for Bonnie, Woody and Bo encounter each other unexpectedly after nine years. At this time, Bo is no more the tender and weak shepherd girl who needs to be protected. She has become a wandering toy leader with courage and intelligent vision.


在尋找及拯救叉奇的冒險過程裡(叉奇被二手店裡的反派玩具蓋比綁架當作人質,脅迫胡迪交出他身上的玩具說話盒,想讓一出廠就有瑕疵、無法發出聲音的她,能發出聲音,進而得到小孩的喜歡,找到能喜歡她的主人。因為那是玩具的最大價值啊──有一個喜歡他/她的主人。)寶,展現玩具們的情誼,帶領其它的無主玩具(故事裡稱之為被遺棄的玩具Lost Toy)一同協助胡迪。
In the process of searching for and rescuing Forky (Forky was kidnapped by Gabby in the second-hand shop as a hostage to force Woody to hand over the sound box on his body. Because Gabby was unable to make sounds, she dreamed that if she could make sounds, then the child would like thy toy and she could get an owner. She believes the greatest value of a toy - there is an owner who likes him / her.) Bo, show the friendship of the toys, lead other lost toys (mean the abandoned toy) assisted Woody.


就在生死交關,好不容易逃出後,全片的高潮交鋒於此展開──寶不願再帶著玩具們冒險回去二手店救叉奇了,胡迪仍堅持回去,並且指責寶「主人需要我們,那是作為玩具的唯一價值,那是你們這些被遺棄的玩具所無法理解的!」這句話其實十分殘忍,因為曾幾何時,這些被主人遺棄的玩具,變成了不願盡忠的叛徒呢?胡迪的話語一結束,故事裡的人物及銀幕外的觀眾,都瞬間一陣愕然的安靜,但接下來,寶則是緩緩地說道「胡迪,主人沒有需要你,是你,需要主人!」
Just after finally escaping from danger, the whole film of the climax confrontation started here -- Bo does not want to take the toys back to the second-hand shop to rescue Forky, Woody still insists on going back, and accuses Bo, Master needs us, that is the only value of a toy, which is understood difficultly by you, Lost Toys! These words are actually very cruel, because in the past, these “Lost Toys” never want to leave their masters. When Woody’s words were over, the characters in the story and the audience outside the screen were silent for a moment, but then Bo said slowly, “Woody, the master does not need you, it is you that need the master! "


胡迪,一直以來的自我定義是:我是玩具,被主人最愛的玩具,我有責任使命讓我的主人快樂,因此不只自己忠於主人,更教化著眾玩具們忠於主人、愛護主人。他一直定義是「主人需要我,所以我一定要如何如何。」但是,被遺棄的寶,在選擇不再無止盡地等待一個新主人來給我價值的那一刻起,寶已經開始做自己的主人了。不再是透過誰需要我,我才得到價值,而是我自己決定我的人生、我自己創造我的價值。也正因如此,寶關鍵地點破胡迪的迷思,沒有所謂的「主人需要你」,是「你需要主人」,意思是說,你口口聲聲說你是為了服務你的主人,其實是你害怕你的主人不需要你了,你便從此失去了存在的價值,你的尋找叉奇,與其說是為了你的主人邦妮,其實是為了尋找你還能在主人那裡得到存在的價值(其實胡迪自己也如此說。)但是,當價值是由他人給予的,那也就注定了,終有一天會因為他人的不再給予,這價值就消失了。
Woody always has such self-definition “I am a toy, the toy that my master loves. I have the responsibility to make my master happy. Therefore, I am not only loyal to my master, but also educate other toys to be loyal to the master and care for the master.” He has always defined that “the master needs me, so I must do this and that." However, Bo, the lost toy, from the moment when she chose to no longer wait for a new owner to give me value, Bo had begun to be her own master. It is no longer get value through who needs me, but I decide my own life and I create my own value. For this reason, Bo key-pointedly breaks up Woody’s myth--there is no such thing as “the owner needs you” and “you need the master”, which means that you keep saying that you are serving your master, but the truth is that you are afraid your master does not need you, and then you lose the value of existence. Your searching for Forky is not so much for your master Bonnie, but for searching for your existence value through the master (Woody actually said the same words.) However, when the value is given by others, it is meant that one day it will disappear as others don't give it anymore.


一如當我們從小依靠著父母給予我們(或其他人)讚美、師長給予我們肯定、同學朋友給予我們認同、社會職場人士給予我們賞識,我們藉此認識到、架構出一堆存在感、價值感的元素內容,並藉此找到安全感。例如女孩要溫柔婉約,即使跟大家意見不同,我得沈默,即使憤怒,我得隱忍;我是長子,我得要繼承家業,即使那不是我有興趣的事情,即使我做的不開心,因為這樣才是有責任感,這樣才叫孝順。
Just as when we were dependent on our parents to give us (or other people) praise, the teacher gave us affirmation, the classmates and friends gave us recognition, and the social professionals gave us appreciation, we started realizing and constructing the elements of existence and value, then to find a sense of security. Such as a girl needs to be tender and graceful, even if I disagree with everyone, I still have to be silent, even if I am angry, I have to endure. I am the eldest son, I have to inherit my family business, even if I am not interested, even if I am not happy to do it, because this is a sense of responsibility, and is called filial piety.

 
以上的各種自我定義,我絕非說一定都不好,也許它們可以一時成為成長奮鬥的動力,但如果我們未曾覺知自己長期被上述那些源自恐懼/渴望而形成的自我定義,牢牢地束縛,如果我們未曾停下來檢視那些自我定義究竟是成就,還是悖離了我們真正要的人生或幸福、成長、愉悅、自在,那麼結果會是如何呢?我在潛意識諮詢過程,看過太多這樣的個案,跟著過往恐懼或欲望所造就的自我定義,展開了這樣的人生:做著一份沒有興趣但大家認同的「好」工作、與一個大家覺得條件不錯但其實沒有感覺的人結婚、表現著大家喜歡但自己覺得很空虛的社交樣貌,奔忙勞碌了大半生,最後像是枯萎的植物,產生了種種身心症狀,也無法真的有愉悅的能量回饋給身旁的各種關係,導致關係疏離或破裂。
The above various self-definitions, I am not necessarily saying that they are all bad. Maybe they can be the driving force for growth and struggle for a while, but if we have not realized that we have been defined by the above-mentioned self-definition from fear/desire, if we haven’t stopped to examine whether self-definition is a false path away from the happy life, growth, pleasure, and freedom, what will be the outcome? In the subconscious consultation process, I have seen too many such clients who followed the self-definition created by fear or desire in the past, and then started a life as this: To do a "good" job which he is not interested but everyone agree. To married with a person who others identify but she has no feelings for. Showing the social appearance that everyone like but he feels empty. They have been busy for most of their lives, and finally they are like withered plants, then they get various physical and mental symptoms, and they don’t have the energy of pleasure to give back to the various relationships, causing the relationship to be alienated or broken.


一如《玩具4》裡一開場的胡迪,當他一次次看著自己是被那個不再被主人選取、被留在黑暗櫥櫃裡的玩具時,胡迪真的快樂嗎?那份之前引以為傲的自我定義,此刻帶來的是愉快光榮,還是自我欺騙的悲傷?
Like Woody at the beginning of Toy Story 4, when he is no longer chosen by the owner and left in the dark cabinet, is he really happy? The self-definition that was previously proud of, now still a happy glory or a self-deception sadness?


故事最後,當胡迪終於把叉奇帶回到主人身旁,向寶依依不捨道別,轉身迎向巴斯(代表著玩具們及主人那一方),巴斯說「放心,她會好好的。」一始,我們都以為那個「她」是指牧羊女寶,的確,已經如此獨立聰慧的寶當然會好好的,但巴斯再次說「是邦妮會好好的。」胡迪此刻來到了生命的分歧點,但感人的是,這一回,他選擇了忠於自己,他的選擇不再是立基於誰需要他,而是胡迪他自己要什麼,他的自我定義不再需要依附著誰給予了,而是自己定義了自己。
At the end of the story, when Woody finally brings Forky back to the owner, says goodbye to Bo, turns back to Buzz (representing the toy and the owner), Buzz says, "Don’t worry, she will be fine.” At the beginning, we all thought that "her" refered to Bo, indeed, Bo is so independent and intelligent, surely can be fine, but Buzz once again says, "Bonnie will be fine." At this moment Woody is coming to the point of divergence of life, but what’s touching is that this time he chooses to be loyal to himself. His choice is no longer based on who needs him, but what Woody wants. His self-definition no longer needs to be given by others, because he defines himself.


乍看,他似乎拋棄了之前執守的信仰「忠誠」。但事實上,「忠誠」並沒被拋棄,而是被昇華了。胡迪雖然看似成了被遺棄的玩具(Lost Toy),但就像巴斯說的,不,他沒有被遺棄。因為那是他自己的選擇,不是被遺棄。最後,巴斯在車子駛離時,說了他的老話飛向宇宙(To Infinity), 而胡迪在原地目送車子駛離時,接了下句浩瀚無垠(and Beyond)。天地,從此開闊,新的生活、新的世界,就此展開。胡迪雖然不再是屬於哪個主人的玩具,但是他和寶,以及卡蹦公爵、兔子、鴨子,成了遊樂園裡替玩具們找到新主人、替人類小孩找到玩具的羅賓漢(Robinhood),看似他原來的忠誠信仰崩解了,但實則是昇華了,他的服務對象從「一位人類小孩」,轉化為「更多人類小孩」。「忠誠」如果是《玩具》系列的核心價值,在此處,這個價值不但沒消失,還得到了轉化、成長,變得更加豐富了。
At first glance, he seems to give up the belief "loyalty" that he had previously held. But in fact, "loyalty" has not been abandoned, but has been sublimated. Although Woody seems to be a lost toy, but as Buzz says, “no, he is not lost”. Because it is his own choice, he is not abandoned. Finally, when the car left, Buzz says his slogan “To Infinity”, and Woody follows the next sentence “and beyond”. From the moment, a new life and a new world are unfolded. Although Woody is no longer belonging to anyone, but He and Bo, as well as Duke Caboom, Bunny, and Ducky become the Robinhood in the park to find new owners for toys and toys for human children. It seems that his original loyalty belief collapses, but in fact it is sublimated. His service target changes from "a human child" to "more human children." If "loyalty" is the core value of the "Toy Story" series, here, the value doesn’t disappear, but has been transformed, grown, and enriched.


唯有帶著覺知,在每個生命轉折處,誠實地重新檢視之前所承載的自我定義,必能帶給自己符合當下生命階段,真正的成長與愉悅。然後帶著這份覺醒,重新建立一個新的自我定義,如此,反而能使原先內心的信仰得到提升與進化。《玩具四》的難得,在於它打破了原來的自我框架定義,勇於面對自我的內在聲音,才得以創造出利益他人的自我。大破大立的自我覺醒,竟然在一部跨越了25年的系列動畫片裡展現,叫人怎麼能不感動呢?
Only with awareness, at every turning point of life, honestly re-examining the self-definition that was carried before, will bring true growth and pleasure to the current stage of life. And then with this awakening, to re-establish a new self-definition, in this way, can enhance and evolve the original inner faith. It is precious that "Toy Story 4" breaks the original definition of self-framework and can be brave enough to face the inner voice of oneself to create the self that benefits others. The self-awakening after a huge collapsing is revealed in the series of animation movie that has crossed 25 years, how could I not be touched?


附註:有關發聲盒。

故事裡,娃娃蓋比處心積慮要奪取胡迪的發聲盒,也有其隱喻,在此補充一提。原本胡迪會發出「我的靴子裡有蛇」,這正是當時牛仔玩具的賣點,失去了發聲盒的玩具,等於被判了死刑,這也是為什麼一出廠就有發聲盒瑕疵的蓋比,一直要搶奪胡迪的發聲盒之原因。然而當蓋比得到了發聲盒,本以為小女孩會喜歡她、帶走她,但是當她再次被丟棄時,她的世界徹底崩塌了。這代表了,當我們努力要迎合他人,成為他人覺得有價值的自己時,其實是得不到真正的喜歡與價值。胡迪當時決定交出發聲盒,表面看來是為了交換叉奇,或出於同情蓋比,編劇實則是埋下了胡迪後續轉變的伏筆——我不必再依靠他人喜歡我有什麼,然後我去成為別人喜歡的什麼,因為我可以為我自己「發聲」──飛向宇宙,浩瀚無垠。

Note: About the sound box.

In the story, the doll Gabby wants to rob Woody’s sound box, which has its metaphor, here is a supplement. Originally, Woody will issue "There is a snake in my boots." This is the selling point of the cowboy toy at that time. To him, losing the sound box is equivalent to being sentenced to death. This is why Gabby wants to rob Woody’s sound box. However, when Gabby gets the sound box, she is waiting for the little girl liking her and taking her away, but she is abandoned again, at that moment her world completely collapses. It means that when we try to ingratiate others and get self-value, we won’t get real love and self-value. At the time, Woody decides to hand over the sound box, on the surface, the purpose seems to exchange for Forky, or sympathize Gabby, however, the scriptwriter actually buried the subversion of Woody’s follow-up -- I don’t have to rely on others to like what I have, and to be what others like, because I can talk for myself--To infinity and beyond.







 

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